Readings can be provided to students as a textbook (make sure it is available for purchase online) and as documents posted to or linked from D2L. If you are providing PDFs to your students, there are some best practices of which you should be aware:

  • To avoid copyright infringement, you should provide a link to any research article PDFs instead of posting directly to the D2L course. Information on how to provide stable links to some articles can be found on the MSU libraries website. Stable links are a more reliable way to link out to PDFs in electronic resources. This will require your students login through a proxy server. Even if you use an external source, you are still responsible for making sure that content is accessible. It is highly recommended that you do not use external content that is not accessible or readable by a screen reader.

  • If it is not possible to link directly to a PDF from D2L, and you need to provide a digitized PDF of the reading, you must request permission from the MSU Copyright Permissions Service. Digitized PDFs should have accessible navigation and optical character recognition (OCR) for readability by a screen reader. PDF scans are not recommended unless you use Adobe Acrobat Pro to create OCR for the scanned document.

  • If you will be including numerous PDFs or other readings, it might be a good idea to work with the MSU Library to create an electronic course pack of all your materials. They make sure the content is accessible and meets copyright permissions.

For more information on copyright, visit the MSU Library Office of Copyright.

Accessibility resources